[Saturday, May 24 at 05:00 AM UTC] Erratum in Colors: The numbers beside White and Black were changed.
[Saturday, May 24 at 09:00 PM UTC] Erratum in Colors: Clue 45 was changed.



    1. Professional name of Helen Folasade Adu (4)
    4. Last name of President of France (6)
    9. Mental sharpness; Keen intelligence (3)
    13. Tube for smoking tobacco (4)
    15. Relatives by marriage (2-4)
    16. In the Bible, first of 2 sons of Jacob and Rachel (6)
    17. Travel without a destination (4)
    18. Last name of composer of the musical “Funny Girl” (5)
    19. Head covering; also a part of the front of the car (4)
    20. Reappearance of a heavenly body after being eclipsed by another (8)
    22. Piece of cloth put in or over a person's mouth (3)
    23. Accidentally leaves the tracks (7)
    24. Any of the usually brightly coloured parts that together form most of a flower (5)
    27. Not belonging to or affiliated with a major record or film company (5)
    29. Having a sound basis in logic or fact (5)
    30. Part of a trunk (3)
    33. Relating to the ear or the sense of hearing (5)
    37. Not dry (3)
    39. Dry and shriveled (8)
    41. Two plus two (4)
    42. Close; not open (4)
    44. Pellets of frozen rain (4)
    45. The way in which text or pictures are arranged on a page (6)
    48. Slang for money (5)
    50. Things wound or arranged in a spiral (5)
    51. Four plus four (5)
    52. Plan of eating or drinking less than normal to lose weight (4)
    54. Provide interesting and enjoyable entertainment (5)
    56. Depended on with full trust or confidence (6)
    57. A person who attacks and robs ships at sea (6)
    61. Showing nervousness or timidity in the company of other people (3)
    63. ??
    67. An obsolete and dialectal (Scotch) form of stone (5)
    68. Kill or wound with a bullet or arrow (5)
    69. Indian flatbread (4)
    70. Things that are known or proved to be true (5)
    71. Capital city of Montana (6)
    72. Long, narrow straps attached at one end to a horse's bit (5)
    73. Males holding the highest hereditary title in the British (5)
    74. Father or mother (6)
    75. Not shallow (4)


    1. Human-made chemical warfare nerve agent with chemical formula C4H10FO2P (5)
    2. Cold War spy novel by "Carmichael Smith" (6)
    3. Held back or obstructed, like a river (6)
    4. ??
    5. Attention-drawing, often wildly playful or funny act or action (5)
    6. In Greek mythology, he was a fisherman from Syme who came with Nireus to fight against Troy (5)
    7. Deprived of strength or vitality (7)
    8. An urban area that is generally larger than a village and smaller than a city (4)
    9. Raggedy Ann, Barbie and Cabbage Patch Kids, for example (5)
    10. Entirely; fully (6)
    11. A small island (5)
    12. Muscular organ that pumps blood (5)
    14. Platform supported by pillars leading out from the shore into a body of water (4)
    21. Narrow beam of light, heat, etc (3)
    25. Young trainee in the military (5)
    26. Computer program for the study of natural language communication between man and machine (5)
    28. Type of beer with a bitter flavor and higher alcoholic content (3)
    30. Attach or fasten with string (3)
    31. Last name of author of “The Time Machine” (5)
    32. Painting done rapidly in watercolor on wet plaster on a wall or ceiling (6)
    33. Entrails and internal organs of an animal used as food (5)
    34. Large cat with mane (4)
    35. Analyze critically (5)
    36. Opposite of sell (3)
    38. Female resident of Eden (3)
    40. Opposite of tall (5)
    43. Pull along (3)
    46. Place equipped for experimental study of science (Abbrev.) (3)
    47. Capital of Lombardy (5)
    49. "In _____ apostolatus specula" is a papal bull issued by Pope Clement XII on 28 April 1738, banning Catholics from becoming Freemasons (8)
    53. Not the one nor the other of two people or things (7)
    55. Pat against lightly (3)
    56. Flattened by the application of force (7)
    58. Main antagonist in Aladdin (5)
    59. Under the influence of drugs (inf.) (6)
    60. First name of U.S. Senator from Vermont (6)
    61. Head of Anubis (6)
    62. First name of writer of “Inferno” (5)
    64. Straight strip marked at regular intervals, to draw straight lines or measure distances (5)
    65. Having already consumed food (5)
    66. Chief in size or importance (4)
    67. Dobby in Harry Potter, for example (3)
    68. Landlocked country in Africa bordered by Libya, Niger and Sudan, among other countries (4)


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We have solved most of the clues, but we are having trouble filling in the crossword. In variety crosswords, words often go through one of various transformations before being entered into the grid. In this case, each color corresponds to 1 of 5 unique transformations. Each answer must be transformed in one of these 5 ways before entered into the grid.
For example, if some answers are too long, a possible transformation involves removing certain letters before entering it into the grid, and vice versa. Transformations will usually give English words, so you will be able to correct your errors from there.
Every cell in the grid will have exactly 1 letter in it.
I found the ?? words, but I am not sure how to use them? How did you figure out which color mapped to which transformation? Can you think of a way to pair the rules to the colors using the only information provided in the puzzle (not the frequencies, since they're not unique)? Once you figure that out, you should be able to figure out what MISSING TRANSFORM means.